LOUIS ARAGON (1897–), French poet, novelist and essayist. Author of numerous volumes of poetry, many social problem novels, and Holy Week (1958), an epic about Louis XVIII.
JAMES BALDWIN (1924–), American novelist and essayist. Author of The Fire Next Time (1963).
BERTOLT BRECHT (1898–1956), German dramatist. Author of Mother Courage and her Children (1939).
TRUMAN CAPOTE (1924–), American novelist. Author of In Cold Blood (1965).
G. K. CHESTERTON (1874–1936), British novelist, essayist, biographer, poet, journalist. Author of The Man Who Was Thürsday (1908).
JEAN COCTEAU (1889–1963), French poet, dramatist, novelist, film-maker. Author of Les Enfants Terribles (1930); director of Orphée (1949).
GABRIELE D’ANNUNZIO (1863–1938), Italian poet, dramatist, novelist, soldier and man of action. Author of 11 Fuoco (1900).
JOHN DOS PASSOS (1896–1970), American novelist. Author of the trilogy U.S.A. (1938).
THEODORE DREISER (1871–1945), American novelist. Author of An American Tragedy (1925).
T. S. ELIOT (1888–1965), American-born, naturalized British poet, dramatist, critic. Author of The Waste Land (1922) and Murder in the Cathedral (1935).
JAMES T. FARRELL (1904–), American novelist. Author of the Studs Loni gan trilogy.
WILLIAM FAULKNER (1897–1962), American novelist. Author of The Sound and the Fury (1929).
F. SCOTT FITZGERALD (1896–1940), American novelist. Author of The Great Gatsby (1925).
E. M. FORSTER (1879–1970), British novelist and essayist. Author of A Passage to India (1924).
ANDRE GIDE (1869–1951), French novelist, poet, editor. Author of The Immoral is ¿ (1902).
MAXIM GORKY (1868–1936), Russian novelist and dramatist. Author of The Lower Depths (1902).
GRAHAM GREENE (1904–1948), British novelist. Author of The Heart of the Matter (1948).
ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899–1961), American novelist. Author of For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940).
W. D. HOWELLS (1837–1920), American novelist, critic, poet, editor. Author of The Rise of Silas Lapham (1885).
ALDOUS HUXLEY (1894–1963), British novelist, essayist and poet. Author of Brave New World (1932).
HENRY ARTHUR JONES (1851–1929), British dramatist. Author of Michael and his Lost Angel (1896).
JACK KEROUAC (1922–1969), American novelist and poet of the Beat Generation. Author of On the Road (1957).
JACK LONDON (1876–1916), American novelist. Author of The Sea-Wolf (1904).
HEINRICH MANN (1871–1950), German novelist, brother of Thomas Mann. Author of Professor Unrat (1905) on which the film The Blue Angel was based.
THOMAS MANN (1875–1955), German novelist. Author of The Magic Mountain (1924).
W. SOMERSET MAUGHAM (1874–1965), British novelist and drama־ tist. Author of the novel Of Human Bondage (1915).
H. L. MENCKEN (1880–1956), American essayist, critic, editor, and co-founder with George Jean Nathan of The American Merсигу. Author of The American Language (1919–1948).
FRANK NORRIS (1870–1902), American novelist. Author of McTeague (1899).
CARL SANDBURG (1878–1967), American poet, historian, folklorist. Author of Abraham Lincoln (1926–1939).
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE (1905–), French philosopher, novelist, dramatist. Author of UEtre et le Néant (1943).
G. BERNARD SHAW (1856–1950), Irish dramatist, novelist, critic, social reformer. Author of Man and Superman (1903).
UPTON SINCLAIR (1878–1968), American novelist and muckraking journalist. Author of The Jungle (1906).
LEV TOLSTOY (1828–1910), Russian novelist and dramatist. Author of War and Peace (1864–1869).
H. G. WELLS (1866–1946), British novelist. Author of The Time Machine (1895) and Tono-Bungay (1909).
VIRGINIA WOOLF (1882–1941), British novelist, essayist, and critic. Author of The Waves (1931).