OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION
No one has managed to produce a bibliography anticipating future scholarship. We can, however, identify sources of data and places of appearance for forthcoming literature on Thailand. This section notes a series of organizations of special importance to the Thai scholar, either because they serve as data repositories, or because they engage in the production of studies, or both. Also identified are newspapers and periodicals of value for the Western-language scholar, along with a source of access to them. Finally, certain periodically-issued directories and related sources of relevant material are noted.
The study of the countries of Southeast Asia in the United States owes a great deal to the pioneering work of such scholars as John F. Embree of Yale and Lauriston Sharp of Cornell. In 1947 Yale’s Southeast Asia Studies Center became the country’s first center for the concerted interdisciplinary study of the peopies and cultures of Southeast Asia. Notable, too, is the Cornell University Southeast Asia Program. Cornell has published studies of Thai subjects at intervals since 1951, some of them of great value.
The University of Michigan Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies has the most comprehensive program and probably the most extensive Southeast Asian library collection in the Midwest. At least two other midwestern universities also have Southeast Asia programs — Northern Illinois, with a wellestablished Center for Southeast Asian Studies, and Ohio University, with its Southeast Asian Program established within the Center for International Studies in the fall of 1967.
On the West Coast, there are at least two notable Southeast Asia programs: one within the Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies at the University of California, Berkeley; the other within the Asian Studies Program at the University of Washington. The University of California at Los Angeles has a Thai-Lao Program, a cluster of research and related activities concerning Thailand and Laos.
The long-established School of African and Oriental Studies, University of London, may still be the premier non-American center for Southeast Asian studies, although the Center for Southeast Asian Studies established at Kyoto University in 1963 has made an impressive mark, with studies of ranging variety. The Kyoto Center maintains a research office in Bangkok, supports field studies, and publishes materials in English as well as in Japanese. The Center’s journal, Tonan Ajia Kenkyu (Southeast Asian Studies) is available in English translation from the Clearinghouse for Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Virginia 22151. Volumes I-IV of the journal include a number of sociological and anthropological studies of Thailand:
Shigeru Iijima. “Culture change among the Hill Karens in Thailand,” (II-4, pp. 2-19).
Shigeru Iijima. “Plain emulation of Hill Karens in Northern Thailand,” (HI-5, pp. 40-71).
Keiji Iwata. “Techniques of rice cultivation in Northern Thailand,” (1-2, pp. 22-38).
Keiji Iwata. “The process of disorganization and reorganization of rural society in Northern Thailand,” (II-2, pp. 2-29).
Koichi Mizuno. “The Don Deng Village,” (Π, pp. 112-119).
Koichi Mizuno. “Land tenure and family in a ricegrowing village in Northeast Thailand,” (ΙΠ-2, pp. 7-35).
Koichi Mizuno. “Functional system of religious activities in a rice-growing village in Northeast Thailand,” (HI-3, pp. 2-21).
Koichi Mizuno. “Don Deng Village, Thailand,” (IV, pp. 194-201).
Toru Yano. “A socio-anthropological survey in Songkhla province: a preliminary report,” (ΙΠ-1, pp. 140-143).
Toru Yano. “Continuity and discontinuity of politics in Thailand,” (1-1, pp. 31-43).
Jikai Fujiyoshi. “An observation of the present situation of Thai Buddhism,” (III-3, pp. 130-139).
Koji Sato. “On personality training through Satipatthana meditation in Burma, Thailand and Ceylon,” (III-l, pp. 12-21).
Iichi Sagara. “A comparative study of educational administrative organizations in Southeast Asian countries,” (ΙΠ-1, pp. 2-14).
Takeshi Motooka. “Economic development and agriculture in Thailand,” (HI-5, pp. 2-39).
Kasem Udyanin. “Development of Thai administration,” (ΙΠ-3, pp. 108-116).
Other studies reported in the journal, Volumes I-IH, deal with the mining industry in Thailand and Malaysia, geology and ore deposits, geophysical prospecting, forest-crop estimates, soils and vegetation, crops, water resources, medicine and disease, and crude drugs.
Academic Advisory Council for Thailand, University of California, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90024. Professor David Wilson, Executive Secretary; Professor Lauriston Sharp, Chairman.
AACT serves as an informal clearinghouse of information about scholars engaged in research concerning Thailand. The Council has issued a directory of scholars and their projects, identifying more than one hundred and fifty Thai, Japanese, European, and American scholars.
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), Bangkok, Thailand.
ARPA is an element of the office of the U.S. Defense Department, sponsoring and conducting research in Thailand (both classified and unclassified). In cooperation with the Thai government, it has operated a Joint Thai-U.S. Military Research and Development Center in Bangkok, which has produced such materials as the Annotated Bibliography of Northeast Thailand noted in Section H. The Military Research and Development Center also operates the Thailand Information Center (TIC) described in this section.
Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C. and 642 Petchburi Road, Bangkok, Thailand.
AID is a substantial source of information, mostly in the form of reports written by AID personnel or under AID sponsorship. Bibliographies of materials available at either AID- Washington or AID-Bangkok, several of which are cited in Section H, are issued periodically.
AID-Bangkok also has on file a substantial number of mimeographed “in-house” research reports which, though not widely circulated, are nevertheless generally available on request. At intervals the Research Division has issued lists of its publications, one as recently as October, 1968. Some of the reports available through the Research Division include: “Current Research Projects in Thailand (1966)”; “Innovations in Ubol Changwad (1966)”; “USOM Programs in Sokol Nakorn (1966)”; “An Evaluation of the Home Guard by Local Officials, Members of the Guard and Villagers (1968)”; and “Field Interviews with Amphoe, Tambon and Muban Officials and Villagers About Local Administrators and Local Problems in Changwad Udorn Thani (1968).” Certain of these AID reports are cited elsewhere in this bibliography.
American Foundations in Bangkok
The following American-based foundations support developmental efforts in higher education, the social sciences, agriculture, the humanities, and medicine, while maintaining offices in Bangkok:
Asia Foundation (headquarters: San Francisco)
Agricultural Development Council (headquarters: New York)
Ford Foundation (headquarters: New York)
Rockefeller Foundation (headquarters: New York)
The Asia Society, Asia House, 112 East 64th Street, New York, New York 10020.
The Asia Society was founded in 1957 to spread knowledge of Asia among Americans. It provides information about Asia through lectures, conferences, and publications — including the quarterly journal Asia.
The Asian Institute for Economic Development and Planning,Sanam-ma Road, Bangkok, Thailand.
The Institute, a United Nations training and research facility, may be an excellent future source of economic data and related matters. It was established in 1964 by the U.N.Special Fund and the ECAFE countries to serve the ECAFE region.
Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning, Ratasastra Building, Chulalongkorn University, Henri Dunant Road, Bangkok, Thailand. Prince Prem Purachatra, Executive Secretary.
The Association has published a handbook (see Section F-l) describing institutions of higher learning in Southeast Asia. It also publishes selected papers given at various conferences and seminars. Member institutions exist in eight countries: Thailand, Burma, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam.
Business Research, Ltd., Rajprasong Road, Bangkok, Thailand.
In 1967 this was one private organization engaged in survey research. By 1969 at least two other such organizations were known to be active in Thailand.
Council of Social Science Data Archives, Bureau of Applied Social Research, 605 West 115th Street, New York, New York 10025.
The Council maintains information on specialized archives and social science information services, and may be of use to scholars seeking Thai data sources.
National Institute of Development Administration, Klong Jan, Bangkok, Thailand.
The Institute’s quarterly Journal of Development Administration includes occasional articles in English, a bilingual table of contents, and English-language abstracts of articles and Master’s theses submitted to the Institute. The research division and library of the Institute are useful sources of information on Thai government documents and reports. (NIDA absorbed the Thai Institute of Public Administration, Thammasat University, in April, 1966. The new journal is an expanded, retitled version of the Thai Journal of Public Administration, published quarterly from 1960-1966.)
ECAFE (Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East), Sala Santitham, Bangkok 2, Thailand, and other United Nations organizations.
A source of commentary and data on regional and country economic and related matters. A reference to the semi-annual ECAFE Asian Bibliography is located in Section H. The Commission published annually the comprehensive Economic Survey of Asia and the Far East, and quarterly the Economic Bulletin for Asia and the Far East. Other United Nations organizations with offices in Bangkok are the following: UNESCO, UNTAB, Special Fund, FAO, ICAO, ILO, UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, and the Committee for Coordination of Investigation of the Lower Mekong Basin. The United Nations in Thailand: A Brief Account of the Activities of the United Nations and the Specialized Agencies in Thailand , 1968 (52 pages), is available without charge from E CAFE.
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Cluny Road, Singapore 10.
The Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in currently building a highly qualified staff with a view to becoming a major research center in Southeast Asia. Current activities, however, do not include an intensive focus upon Thailand.
National Research Council, Office of the Prime Minister, Bangkok, Thailand.
Established to promote and encourage research in the natural and social sciences, the Council serves as a clearinghouse and subsidizes certain kinds of studies. It issued a Directory of Natural Scientific Institutions in Thailand, 1964 (10 pages), listing sixty-four institutions engaged in various types of natural science research. The Council also issued a Directory of Natural and Social Scientific Institutions in Thailand, 1963 (16 pages), identifying various organizations claiming to be engaged in one or another type of social science research. In 1964 the NRC published the first issue of a List of Scientific Reports Relating to Thailand (see Section H). The NRC also attempts to maintain a register of research in progress.
Research Publications, Publishers in the Microfilms, 254 College Street, New Haven, Connecticut.
Research Publications makes available copies of certain Asian periodicals in either microfilm or xerox copy, at moderate prices. Thai materials available from Research Publications include: the Journal of the Siam Society, 1904-1964; the Bangkok Calendar, 1857-1873; the Bangkok World, 1957- 1964; and the Siam Rath Weekly Review, 1954-1964.
SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), P.O. Box 517, Bangkok, Thailand.
SEATO publishes the bimonthly SEATO Record, containing brief items about SEATO and its member countries, and statements reflecting SEATO policies. Information on SEATO development projects in Thailand is included.
The Siam Society, 131 Lane 21, (Asoka), Sunhumvit Road, Bangkok, Thailand.
The Siam Society was founded in 1904, for the “investigation and encouragement of Art, Science, and Literature in relation to Siam and neighboring countries.” The more than forty volumes of The Journal of the Siam Society, with most articles in English, are and will continue to be a valuable source of scholarly work in history, archaeology, law, and other fields.
Social Science Association Press of Thailand, Phyathai Road, Bangkok, Thailand.
The Press publishes a Social Science Review, mostly in Thai. It also has issued about a dozen volumes of work by Thai scholars in Thai, and an English-language work, The Economy of Thailand, by Andre” Mousny. The Social Science Association Press may become a useful source of Westernlanguage material for scholars in the future.
Thailand Information Center, 518/4 Ploenchit Road, Bangkok.
TIC is a component of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Research and Development Center. It has been developing and operating a computerized information retrieval system, with inputs in the form of documents, some restricted and others not. Early in 1969, “locators” had been issued identifying numerically documents on file for provinces in the Northeast and for fourteen Southern provinces, and “locators” were being developed to identify collected documents covering North Thailand, the Central Region, and Hill Tribes and Ethnic Groups. The long-range aim of this information system is to establish monumental data collections on various Thai topics with quick access through computerized filing.
United Nations. See ECAFE, this section.
United States Information Service, Sathorn Road, Bangkok, Thailand.
USIS-Bangkok has conducted research at intervals since about 1959. A substantial number of unclassified studies, largely communication and media surveys, have been produced.
Amphoe-Tambon Statistical Directory of 14 ARD Changwads. See Section C-5.
Amyot, Jacques, and Robert W. Kickert (eds.). Directory of the Social Sciences in Thailand. Bangkok: The Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University, 1963. 100 pages.
Lists Thai and foreign social scientists in Thailand byname, discipline, area of research interest, and organizational affiliation — as of 1963.
Board of Trade Directory, 1967. See Section E-l.
Changwad-Amphoe Statistical Directory. See Section E-4.
Commercial Directory for Thailand. Bangkok: Department of Commercial Intelligence, Ministry of Economic Affairs. Issued irregularly.
Contains information on government organization, economic and commercial legislation, foreign trade, a complete customs schedule and an explanation of customs regulations, a brief directory of trade associations, manufacturers, and businesses, Not as attractive a production as the privately produced Siam Directory.
Directory of USOM Participants. Bangkok: U.S. Agency for International Development, 1965. 566 pages.
Lists more than three thousand two hundred Thai nationals who have studied abroad under AID sponsorship. Participants are listed by name, functional field of training or study, and province of their origin. In 1969 a new directory was in prepar ation.
Organizational Directory of the Government of Thailand. Bangkok: U.S. Agency for International Development, Public Administration Division, 1968-1969. 70 pages.
Issued periodically. Identifies all units of the Thai bureaucracy to the division level, as well as the officials in charge, providing a detailed English-language portrait of the formal organizational structure of the Thai bureaucracy.
Royal Thai Government Gazette. Edited by M. R. Tanaumsri Devakul. Bangkok: International Translations, New Road.
Issued weekly since 1946, this indexed translation of Thai laws, regulations, decrees, rulings, and significant personnel changes is the English-language source of information of official transactions of the Thai government. There are, of course, inevitable problems in the continuing translation of highly technical legal documents, and some care must be taken in the use of this unofficial English-language version of the Government Gazette.
SEADAG Directory, 1968-1969. New York: Southeast Asia Development Advisory Group, The Asia Society, 1969. 153 pages.
Compiled and edited by Avery Russell, the Directory identifies about two hundred and fifty individuals with scholarly and other professional interests in Southeast Asia, and provides information on their location, Southeast Asian experience, professional status, and publications. U.S. Government participants in SEADAG are identified in a separate section. The Directory also contains a list of forty-five papers prepared by SEADAG members, and a description of SEADAG aims and activities. Funded by AID, the organization was established under the aegis of The Asia Society to promote scholarly activity and communication between scholars and officials and among the different academic disciplines dealing with Southeast Asia.
The Siam Directory. Bangkok: Thai Company, 96 Mansion 2, Raj damnern Avenue. $13 US.
A valuable reference, issued at intervals. A directory of Thai government organizations, business firms, a copy of the current Thai constitution, information on commerce, business regulations, the current economic development program, and dozens of other items are included.
Tiiman, Robert O. (Project Director). International Biographical Directory of Southeast Asia Specialists, 1969. Inter-university Southeast Asia Committee of the Association of Asian Studies. Distributed by the Center for International Studies, Ohio University, 1969. 279 pages + indices.
Extensive biographical data, based on questionnaire response of one thousand Southeast Asian specialists. Includes an introductory essay by Tiiman and Garry D. Brewer. Identifies 213 individuals (including 132 U.S. nationals) who listed Thailand as the first country of their specialization, and another 117 designating it as the second country of specialization. Twenty-six Thais are included.
Much of the current English-language writing about Thai government, politics, economics, and society is published in a relatively limited number of journals, including the following (except where noted, these journals are published in the United States):
Eastern World (London)
Far Eastern Economic Review (Hong Kong)
Journal of Asian Studies
Journal of Developing Areas
Journal of Development Studies
Journal of Southeast Asian Studies (Singapore); before March 1970, the Journal of Southeast Asian History
Journal of the Siam Society (Bangkok)
Relevant items have also appeared at times in such journals as Administrative Science Quarterly, American Anthropologist, Asia, China Quarterly, Current History, The Economist, Foreign Affairs, International Development Review, and Journal of the American Oriental Society.
Bangkok Bank Monthly Review, Bangkok Bank Ltd., 3-9 Suapa Road, Bangkok.
A specialized monthly newsletter of high quality.
Bangkok Post (daily), Mansion 4, Rajdamnern Avenue, Bangkok.
Strives within the constraints of political discretion for a good coverage of political and governmental events and personalities. Occasionally includes interpretive articles.
Bangkok World (daily), 522 Prasumaine Road, Bangkok.
The locally-owned World, though somewhat more circumspect than the Post, reports on the Thai political and government scene.
Foreign Affairs Bulletin (bimonthly), Bangkok: Department of Information, Thai Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Published in English. Contains news and official comment on Thai foreign affairs and foreign policy.
The Investor (monthly), published for Thailand’s Board of Investment by Siam Publications, Ltd., P.O. Box 2/150, Bangkok 2, Thailand.
A business and economic review that started publication in December, 1968, under the editorship of Dr. Amnuey Viravan. In addition to articles on trade and finance, contains current reports on law, economic development, and investment, and selected economic indicators. Judging from the first issue, The Investor promises to serve as a key source of current economic information.
Siam Rath (weekly), Mansion 6, Rajdamnern Avenue, Bangkok.
Edited by M. R. Kukrit Pramoj, a well-known Thai intellectual. Sometimes has editorials and features on matters of interest to the student of Thai government and politics, although it lacks the scope and coverage of the daily papers. Until the spring of 1966, when publication of the English-language edition ceased, it was one of two English-language weeklies in Bangkok.
The Standard (weekly), 77 Rama V Road, Bangkok.
Advertised as “a weekly newspaper for international readers,” The Standard is the oldest active English-language newspaper in Bangkok. The scope of its news coverage is not so great as that of the dailies; occasionally, however, the Standard contains useful features and items about important Thai figures.
The Cellar Bookshop, 18090 Wyoming, Detroit, Michigan 48221.
Specializes in Southeast Asian materials and issues catalogs at irregular intervals.
Paragon Book Gallery, Ltd., 14 East 38th Street, New York City.
Issues an extensive catalog at intervals, apparently quarterly. For example, Catalog #41, Spring 1966, contains 218 citations of Southeast Asian materials, of which almost ten per cent concern Thailand.
Susil Gupta, Antiquarian Booksellers, 7A High Street, Wanstead, London Ell.
At intervals issues catalogs of out-of-print and new books on Southeast Asia. Thus, Catalogue #52, n.d., contains more than sixteen hundred listings, including several dozen pertinent for the Thai scholar.