How to Cite These Online Works

Depending on the style you are using, here are several resources to help you properly format bibliographic citations for these online works. Please be sure to use the DOI located in the metadata section as the web site address when citing the title.

The Chicago Manual of Style provides helpful guidance here: as well as using “Page or location numbers in electronic formats:”

For American Psychological Association (APA) Style, see Sections 9.1 to 9.3 of the Publication Manual or Concise Guide as well as the reference examples in Chapter 10. For the Seventh Edition APA Style, visit This page provides additional guidance on citing references using APA Style:

The MLA Handbook has helpful information here: and here See also how to cite ePubs/eBooks and Open Educational Resources (OER):

Purdue University’s Online Writer’s Lab (OWL) offers help when citing online resources that comply to MLA Style:

[Updated 11-03-2023 mr]